Tag archive for "Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann"

Parasha / E-Letter

Parashat Terumah: The Opportunity & Right to Give is Itself a G-d-Given Gift

1 Comment 14 February 2018

As a monotheistic faith, Judaism does not teach us that G-d can be housed in a specific space or building. In his dvar Torah to Parashat Terumah, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann contemplates what was meant then when G-d instructed the Jewish people to build a mikdash or sanctuary. Continue Reading

Occupied Territories

Demolitions at school in Abu Nawahr Jahalin Bedouin community

No Comments 05 February 2018

Around 5 am yesterday morning (February 4 2018), Israeli forces arrived at the small Jahalin Bedouin community of Abu Nawahr in the outskirts of Jerusalem in the occupied territories and demolished two classrooms serving 3rd and 4th grade children. Rabbis for Human Rights’ volunteers together with Catholic nuns from the Comboni Order have organized summer camps at Abu Nawahr over the last few years.

Below please find the statement of Rabbis Yehiel Grenimann, director of organizational development at Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR), and Rabbi Jeremy Milgrom, an RHR board member, who visited the site and the distraught children following the demolition. Continue Reading

Parasha / E-Letter

Parashat BeShalach: Water, Water but there is no Water!

No Comments 24 January 2018

Water is traditionally a symbol of life and Torah in Judaism. In his dvar Torah to Parashat BeShalach, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann considers a life where the waters are not flowing freely. What are we to do when there is scarcity?

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On Martin Luther King Jr Day – January 15 2018

No Comments 15 January 2018

By Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann, RHR director of organization development

If the reverend Martin Luther King Junior and Rabbi Abraham Joshua Heschel were alive today they would certainly be “praying with their feet” and marching here with the human rights groups, marching in Nabi Salach and Sheikh Jarrah, active in opposing the destruction of villages and expulsion of their people in places like Khan Al Akhmar, Um Al Hiran and Susia, and passionately protesting the plans to expel African asylum seekers and refugees to a tragic fate in Africa, especially when these things are being done by representatives of a people who have themselves suffered expulsion, refugee status and worse in the past. Continue Reading

General, Parasha / E-Letter

Parashat VaYeshev: “Love of a Brother” – Joseph, his brothers & International Human Rights Day

No Comments 06 December 2017

Mocked as “a dreamer,” Joseph is hated by his brothers who come dangerously close to murdering him.  Generations later, Israeli human rights defenders find themselves similarly despised by their own “brothers.” In this week’s commentary to Parashat VaYeshev, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann reminds us of the importance of our commitment, as a nation of Jews and as citizens of the world, to the protection of human rights. Continue Reading

Field Reports, Occupied Territories

A (rainy) day of harvesting olives in the Yanoun Valley

No Comments 16 October 2017

Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann, the director of Organizational Development at Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR), reflects on his experience taking out volunteers for the olive harvest early this season. Rabbi Grenimann has been involved with RHR in a number of capacities since its founding in 1988 and has developed meaningful relationships with Palestinians and Bedouin individuals all over the region, as reflected in his words below.  Continue Reading

General, Parasha / E-Letter

Yom Kippur 5778: Always pushing to do more

3 Comments 27 September 2017

In thinking about the activities of Rabbis for Human Rights and Yom Kippur, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann answers the question of how we can cultivate appreciation for all people born in the Image of God. In these days when so many strive to hide the injustices of the occupation by silencing and delegitimizing our work and the work of others like us,  we must remain steadfast in our commitment to an Israel living up to our highest Jewish ideals. 

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Parasha / E-Letter

Parashat Ki Tavo: Curses and Blessings

No Comments 07 September 2017

As we approach the new Jewish year, Jews are commanded to go through a personal and public process of introspection and soul searching. In his commentary to Parashat Ki Tavo, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann examines the behaviours we must work to avoid, both as individuals and as a society.

By Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann

By Unknown - International Dunhuang Project, Public Domain

Selichot prayer leaf. By Unknown – International Dunhuang Project, Public Domain

“Blessing and curse” are a pair of concepts with which we are familiar in our Torah, and once again in this week’s Torah reading they appear. The people must choose between good and evil, between commitment to the covenant and its abandonment (for false pagan worship and its moral corruption), between loyalty to the Torah and its abrogation. They stand opposite Mount Ebal and Mount Gerizim and proclaim their commitment to the covenant, to the Torah, and they curse (“cursed be…cursed be…cursed be…”) those who do not do so, especially those who pretend to be committed but in secret act immorally.

We are in the middle of the month of Elul, the time of selichot (penitential prayers) during which we prepare for the “days of awe” (also known as the High Holydays). This is a time for corrective introspection (“Heshbon Nefesh”) on the individual level, the communal, and the public as well… The Torah reading this week and next are most suitable texts for this period in the annual cycle of festivals and celebrations.

In our portion there are twelve verses that start with the word “be cursed” (one against each of the twelve tribes according to one interpretation.)  Amongst them appear the following verses dealing with social justice:

“Cursed be he that removeth his neighbour’s landmark. And all the people shall say, Amen” (Deuteronomy 27: 17)

“Cursed be he that maketh the blind to wander out of the way…” (ibid, verse 18)

“Cursed be he that perverteth the judgment of the stranger, fatherless, and widow…” (verse 19)

“Cursed be he that smiteth his neighbour secretly…” (verse 24)

“Cursed be he who taketh reward (a bribe) to slay an innocent person. And all the people shall say, Amen” (verse 25)

Most of the traditional commentators point out  a notable characteristic of the elements that make up this list – each verse of which opens with the word “Be cursed” – to which the people respond with “Amen” and that is that they are negative behaviours done to the vulnerable and weak in society. These acts leave little possibility of social support as others in society might well not know of them and thus the victims have no recourse; the bad things done or that could be done are done “in secret,” an expression that appears twice in the beginning and towards the end of the list.

The Biblical commentator, Hizkuni (Rabbi Hezkia the son of Manuach  from the 13th century) for instance says: “a stranger, orphan, or widow;” all these categories of people lack influential friends or protectors who will protest their having been maltreated to the authorities. The only two sins listed here which are committed openly are idolatry and violent behaviour against one’s neighbour, committed usually while angry and out of control. This is why the Torah adds the word “committed secretly,” when speaking of these two sins. When these two sins are committed openly there is a court which can take action against the perpetrator. (See Deuteronomy, Chapter 26, verses 19-24.)

Alternatively the 15th century Italian commentator, Sforno, says:

“…all of the ‘cursed be’ mentioned here had first been intoned as a blessing for all the people refraining from becoming guilty of the sins that are mentioned here. ..The principal reason for these lines is to curse the sinners who violate these commandments, so that they alone will bear the burden of their guilt, the people at large not sharing in that responsibility. The reason is that the sinners referred to were in the main the leaders of the people, so that the ordinary Israelite did not have the power to protest the carrying’s on of their leaders. This thought has been stated clearly by Ezekiel 22, 6-7 ‘every one of the princes of Israel in their midst used his strength for the shedding of blood, etc. etc.’ In that same chapter the prophet specifically singled out most of the (12) sins listed in our paragraph here. These obscenities were all carried out in Jerusalem; however, this does not mean that all the inhabitants of the city were guilty of these iniquities, mostly it was the highly placed members of society who were guilty of them.” (Comment on Deut 26:15)

A comment by Samson Rafael Hirsch (19th century, Germany) regarding the nature of those deeds listed here and their doers describes well a reality with which we need to contend still today – a reality of  hypocrisy and false self-“righteousness” that unfortunately characterizes many people in the ruling political and economic elite of Israeli today, and anyone who reads newspapers lately or follows the electronic media certainly knows  – much to our chagrin and embarrassment as a people  – what we are talking about.

He says:

We find that it says ‘Be cursed’ regarding all those that are corrupt morally and socially but nevertheless maintain externally the appearance of legality..from the context then this is the idea of these curses…he pretends to be one who is loyal and close to God (or, alternatively, to ‘the values of Zionism and/or ‘democracy” – interprelation of Y.G.) but secretly he rejects this belief and the belief in Providence (or the other values he claims to be committed to). Externally he behaves with respect to his parents, but secretly in his heart he lords it over them and holds them in contempt…in the ears of the wise ones he speaks with enthusiasm about helping others, but he in fact brings disaster upon those who are blind or short-sighted, he is obsequious before the powerful and mighty but refrains from carrying out his duty toward the weak and defenseless..”

This is a difficult social challenge that is still with us in the public sphere in Israel, but nevertheless we should not accept the idea suggested by Sforno that it is possible for a society to free itself of responsibility for the behavior of its leaders. (Heschel: “Some are guilty but all are responsible!”) Furthermore, we should not only add our voices to those who say “curse them!” for the evil deeds they do even today in our midst against the weak and vulnerable, the refugees and in particular to the members of that other people over whom we rule, but beyond that we must act determinedly and untiringly to reveal these abuses, to prevent them and to punish and remove those who do them from power.

It is important to support a strong and independent judiciary and a “clean” police-force that is committed to truth in pursuing justice for all to the fullest extent possible. And when that is not possible to struggle personally against the widespread corruption in our society, polity and economy however we can.  We should never remain silent in the face of such evils but continue raising our voices to demand an end to them.

Wishing everyone Shabbat Shalom and a real “Heshbon nefesh” – one that leads to action.

Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann is the director of organisational development at Rabbis for Human Rights.

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Occupied Territories

Photos: Jahalin Bedouin summer camp!

No Comments 25 July 2017

Every year, Rabbis for Human Rights (RHR) organises or helps organise summer camps for Jahalin Bedouin children living on the outskirts of Jerusalem. The programs give the children a chance to grow, develop, and play in a safe and supervised environment alongside mentors from the Bedouin community as well as international and Israeli volunteers. Continue Reading

General, Parasha / E-Letter

Parashat Pinchas: To Build and To Plant

No Comments 12 July 2017

In this week’s dvar Torah to Parashat Pinchas, Rabbi Yehiel Grenimann examines the “Divine pathos” of the prophet Jeremiah. What can we, as an Israeli human rights organization, learn from his unwavering commitment to his people and his mission?

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