Tag archive for "Palestinian Susya"

General, Occupied Territories

Susya – a view from within

2 Comments 20 August 2012

An inside look at the village of Susya, which has undergone repeated attempts to destroy it and evict its inhabitants. Susya suffers from a lack of water and electricity infrastructure, although Israel provides such infrastructure to the settlements in the region.  The village cannot get building plan permission for the future. Not only this – Regevim has called for the destruction of the village of Susya in the South Hebreon Hills. We at RHR are fighting together with the village inhabitants against the destruction order.

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General, Occupied Territories

The Beating and Why I Come Back for More

No Comments 15 July 2012

This post was written by Amitai Ben-Abba, Ta’ayush activist, following an attack by settlers in the south of the West Bank. It illustrates the ‘Ta’ayush way’ and the determination/commitment of these amazing people. Continue Reading

Parasha / E-Letter

First time on the beach: Newsletter for the parashat “Balak”

No Comments 03 July 2012

This world is filled with lawyers who can help us find a way to do an end run around the spirit of the law, even as we observe the letter of the law. Rabbi Arik Ascherman connects the social current affairs and the parasha and shows us the right direction. Continue Reading

General, Occupied Territories

Don’t stop the fight for Susya

3 Comments 02 July 2012

Please share and circulate this post – together we can prevent the demolition and expulsion! Click here for the Facebook event

Thank you all again for participating in the protest in Susya. A joint protest of this size was not seen on the Area for many years (if ever). The heads of the Civil Administration and other occupation forces were impressed by the sheer numbers in their own way, and attempted over the past week to figure out what we are planning. Unlike the nearly nonexistent coverage of the protest in the Israeli media, it attracted much attention by Arab media.

  • A short movie on the previous expulsion of the residents of Susya from their village
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More than a week has passed since we demonstrated together at Susya – Many hundreds of Palestinians, Israelis and international activists – in the largest joint demonstration held in the South Hebron Hills for many years. In contrast to the silence of the Israeli media, our opposition to the planned destruction and eviction achieved wide coverage in the international Arabic media (see below for some links), and among the heads of the Civil Administration and other occupation forces, who tried to find out during the week what our future plans were.

It is very likely that the Civil Administration will already reject our objections in the next few days, and then we need to react quickly. Various arms of the State of Israel threaten the fate of the residents of Susya. The responsibility to stand with them against the danger of eviction is with all of us.

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Next Friday there will be a study and support tour - For registration (compulsory) and further information:

Even if you have already been to Susya, invite your friends who do not know the story – to prevent the eviction we need everyone who is willing to help. In order that the ramifications of the threat of destruction and eviction will get the publicity they deserve – please share and distribute this post!

Further Reading:

General, Occupied Territories

The origin of the expulsion – A Brief history of Palestinian Susya

17 Comments 25 June 2012

Palestinian and Israeli activists chant and beat drums during a demonstration near Susya in the South Hebron Hills on June 22, 2012. Israeli authorities have issued demolition orders against the entire Palestinian village of Susya, which is located near an Israeli settlement with the same name. Photo by RRB/Activestills.org

This week the Civil Administration informed the inhabitants of Palestinian Susya of its intention to soon carry out six demolition orders that were issued in the 1990s and in 2001. These orders apply to most of the area of Susya and relate to some fifty buildings, including residential buildings, animal pens, solar energy panels and water cisterns (Palestinian Susya, like most of the villages in the south Hebron hills, is not connected to the electricity and water grid).  These orders add to numerous similar orders that were issued to Susya recently. These Demolition orders have been issued despite the fact that the land in question is a private land of inhabitants of Palestinian Susya disregarding the absence of amaster plan for Susya which denies the residents of Palestinian Susya any possibility of obtaining building permits  from the Civil Administration. If these demolitions are carried out, hundreds of residents of Palestinian Susya will be cast out into the burning desert sun for the fifth time in twenty five years. The Israeli public does not know the local history and so we are presenting this guest article which details the history of the village.

ThevillageofPalestinian Susyahas existed for centuries, long before the establishment of the settlement of Susya in 1983.  There  are documentary evidence of a settlement in the area dating back to 1830, and it is also marked on British mandatory maps from 1917.  In 1948, the original population was augmented by Palestinian refugees who were expelled from the area of Ramat Arad and acquired land in the area. The residents of Khirebt Susya, now living nearby in isolated sites in the area north of the settlement, originally lived in the village Susya el Kadima (“old Susya”) in the area of the ancient synagogue of Susya, an area that was an inhabited village up until the 1980s. Their ownership of the land is has been legally esthbalished and attorney Plea Albeck, one of the architects of Israel’s project to seize control over lands  gr in theWest Bank, wrote in a legal opinion from 1982 that the land was privately owned.

In June 1986, three years after the establishment of the settlement of Susya, the village lands were requisitioned “for public use” and the location was declared an archaeological site. Later on, the territory that was requisitioned was put under the jurisdiction of the settlement of Susya. Entry into this area is forbidden to Palestinians by an army order which forbids Palestinians from entering any area of settlement without a special permit.

The inhabitants of the village were expelled from their homes and their land and lost most of their possessions. The residents could not oppose the eviction but they continued to work on their (private) land and settled in an area about500 metersfrom their village, known today as Rojum  al-Hamri, near the settlement of Susya. The nearness of the red-roofed houses of the settlement, whose inhabitants did not want  these  “new” – old neighbors, brought the a second expulsion upon the Palestinian inhabitants. One night in 1990, they were loaded onto lorries and taken (together with their belongings) to the Ziph Junction about15 kilometersnorth of Susya. As they had already been expelled from their village and from the Rojum, the residents returned to the agricultural areas that they owned and settled in caves and huts, and from now on each family lived on their agricultural lands.

Watch this video from November 2010, where you can see a soldier brutally attacking Naser a-Nawajaa, a photographer for B’Tselem and an activist living in Susya, who was protecting children who were looking after their family’s flock on family land. The soldiers were trying to detain them.

In the following ten years, the settlers of Susya took over their neighbors’ lands and actually created an unofficial closed area into which Palestinians are not allowed. In several cases inhabitants who entered this area were shot and killed. Among them was Mahmud Muhamed  a-Nawajaa who was killed by a settler as he was shepherding his flock on his land in 1991, and Mussa Abu Sabha who was shot in the head by Yoram Shkolnik - after he had been arrested and handcuffed by the army. The way that the army treats this forbidden area, whose borders have never been defined and change frequently according to the whims of the soldiers and the officers, is well illustrated in this November 2010 video. We can see a soldier brutaaly attacking and arresting Naser a-Nawajaa, a photographer for B’Tselem and a local activist who was protecting children who were looking after their family’s flock on family land, when the soldiers tried to stop them.

In June 2001, following the murder of the settler Yair Har-Sinai in the area of Susya, the inhabitants of Susya became the target of a retaliatory action and were expelled yet again. The expulsion was carried out without warning and was exceptionally violent: Caves were destroyed, wells clogged, fields wasted and animals killed. The expulsion was accompanied by violent arrests and beatings. According to the  testimonies of inhabitants, some of the perpetrators of expulsion were citizens and not army or police, and there is a suspicion that it was settlers who knew the area and who supervised the work.

On September 26, 2001 the Supreme Court ordered the destruction of buildings to stop. In the months after the expulsion, some of the residents of Susya returned to their lands and passed the summer in difficult conditions. Israeli activists joined in their fight against the expulsion order. In autumn 2001 there was a legal battle between the inhabitants, helped by the lawyer Shlomo Lecker, and the army. The High Court issued a temporary injunction and told the army to allow the residents to return, and decreed that this expulsion also, like the previous one, was illegal. The implementation of the Supreme court ruling on the ground was made possible only by a massive action on the ground of some 400 Israeli activsts. Further, Not all the inhabitants returned after the temporary injunction, and those who did were expelled for a fourth time apparently by the decision of a mid-ranking officer, implemented during the Jewish fast of Yum Kippur. This decision was reversed afterwards.

The reality created on the ground by the settlers, assisted by the army, using measures that can be defined as “by-passing the courts,” became increasingly unbearable. Violence by the settlers increased. In addition, the settlers set up outposts on land that had previously been used by the Palestinian inhabitants. In 2000, mobile buildings were positioned in the area of Rojum al Hamri, in 2001 the outpost of “Havat Dalia” was set up ,this year also saw the expansion of ranch that was initally called “Havat Magen David” and today is known as “Mitzpeh Yair.”  In 2002 another outpost was set up within the archaeological site of Susya, from which the Palestinians had been expelled in 1986. Today there are within the confines of the site a guesthouse, a swimming pool and a workshop that is apparently manufacturing parts for mobile hosues. Officially, the settlers are also forbidden from building within the archaeological site, but it seems that when building offenses in Susya are committed by settlers and not by Palestinians, the Civil Administration less than enthusiastic to deal with it.  During all these years, the inhabitants continued to fight for their right to be on their lands, and they even tried to submit a master plan, an attempt which was foiled by the discriminatory planning policy of the occupation authorities.

The support that the army provides to the settlers enables them to seize more and more of the lands of the inhabitants of Palestinian Susya. Over the years, the settlers have escalated the violence, preventing the farmers from working on their land in an area ten times  larger than the settlement itself, taken over agricultural lands of their neighbors and harmed anyone who disturbed them fulfilling their vision of controlling the area. The confrontations between settlers and Palestinians became violent. A petition to the Supreme Court that was filed in 2010, the inhabitants of Palestinian Susya represented by “Rabbis for Human Rights” demanded  that settlers violence  will be restrained and that they will be allowed access to their lands, enumerated 93 incidents of violence by settlers against Palestinians, some of them by hooded assailants.  Since then, there have been many more. The destruction of fields and trees, the sabotage of wells and water tanks, the poisoning of fields of pasture and water wells, the systematic harassment of shepherds and even the setting fire to tents and attacking families in their houses in the dead of night – these are frequent scenes in the lives of the inhabitants of Susya. It should be noted that the police demonstrates an utter incompetence  in enforcing the law on the settlers of Susya and its outposts

In October 2011, an army commander declared significant portions of the lands belonging to residents who petitone the Supreme Court as an area closed to Israelis, in order to prevent further taking over of land and trespassing. In an act of retaliation over the closing of the area ,the right wing organization “Regevim” and the co-operative of Susya (which runs the settlement) petitioned the Supreme Court (HCJ 1556/12) in February 2012, requesting the demolition of the village buildings which are described in the petition as “an illegal outpost.” . The Regevim petition referred indiscriminately and without exception to all the petitioners in the above-mentioned petition, even though most of them own land in the village but do not live there nor do they own buildings in the village. It seems likely that the petition of Regevim was filed in retaliation for the petition by the inhabitants of Palestinian Susya. In the Regevim petition, the claim is also made of a “security threat” faced by the settlers from the village’s inhabitants.  The reality contradicts this claim, and the closing of the territory solely to Israelis in fact demonstrates the need of the Palestinians for protection against the settlers.

Further Regavim petition ignores the fact that the planning policy that Israel implements in Area C denies Palestinians living in this area the option of building in a way that is deemed legal by the occupation authorities. Since the 1970s, there has been a dramatic decline in the rate of building permits issued to the Palestinian population. In the year 1972, 2134 permits were issued, 97% out of those requested. From then on, the issuing of pertimes have been in a constant decline. In 2005, only 13 permits were issued, amounting to 6.9% of the 189 requests filed.  It can be seen that, together with the sharp decline in permits, there was also a dramatic decline in requests. This trend has continued in recent years and even worsened.  In 2009 only six permits were granted, in 2010 – seven.  The demolition policy discriminates against the Palestinians.

According to the statistics produced bythe Civil Administration, between the years 2000-2007 A third of the demolition orders that were issued against  buildings located in Palestinian community were carried out, as opposed to less then 7% of demolition ordered issued against buildings in settlements.  In the years 2008-2011, the Civil Administration demolished 1101 Palestinian buildings. In those years, all the master plans that were filed concerning Palestinian communities were rejected without exception. The planning failure is also reflected in the lack of basic and essential infrastructure for the Palestinians such as electricity, water, education and health services. Meanwhile, the settlers enjoy splendid planning. From this data, we can see that it is not an issue of legal compulsion, but of deliberate policy ,behind which lies a clear program:  to carry out the  quiet transfer of Palestinians from Areas C, as is also shown in the reports of the delegations of the UN and the European Union.

The article was written by Dolev Rahat and Dror Etkes and Taayush Activists. special thanks to Adv. Quamar Mishirqi-Asad

 

General, Occupied Territories

Join the protest Vigil: No to the Demolition of Susya

6 Comments 17 June 2012

Israeli army forces threaten to demolish the entire Palestinian village of Susya

This week, demolition orders for approximately fifty dwelling structures were handed out, which add to numerous additional orders issued recently. In addition, the Civil Administration has announced the residents of Susya that it intends to implement six demolition orders issued in the 1990s and 2001. From past experience, such notices are only given when there is genuine intention to go through with demolitions. The demolition orders cover the most of Palestinian Susya. Not only dwelling structures but also animal pens, water cisterns, the solar-powered electricity system – everything. Continue Reading

General, Occupied Territories

Press Release: CRITICAL HIGH COURT CASE ON WEDNESDAY EXPOSES THE FLIP SIDE OF ULPANA CONTROVERSY

1 Comment 05 June 2012

Head of Sumeran family in Susya (South Hebron Hills). Photo: Sapir Huberman

FATE OF HUNDREDS OF PALESTINIAN HOMES LIE IN THE BALANCE Continue Reading

General, Occupied Territories

To demolish the school, the Mosque and leave the illegal outposts in South Hebron Hills

2 Comments 28 November 2011

Umm-Fakra-mosque-demolition

To demolish the school, the Mosque and leave the illegal outposts in South Hebron Hills

The State of Israel does not grant building permits to South Hebron Hills residents, supports the illegal outposts in the area and seeks to prevent living in the area. Here is a full description of the destruction of school services in the Palestinian village of Susya, a mosque and other structures in Hirbet M’faqura. Please let all your social networks know and give hope to the oppressed residents of South Hebron Hills.

On Thursday, November 24th we went to visit the local school in Susya, in South Hebron Hills, in order to see the development of this educational institute. When we arrived we realized that since our last visit, two weeks ago, the building of the permanent school was almost finished. Mobile toilets were brought to the place, a cistern, that is supposed to serve the school, is being quarried and the dirt track that leads to the school is being renovated. Our initial enthusiasm at the school’s development vanished when the school’s headmaster showed us orders issued by the Civil Administration to stop the work. The meaning of these orders is clear. The State of Israel intends to demolish the facilities designed for the education and development of the children in the area. The orders include the main building, toilets, the cistern and the road to the school.

The demand to demolish the school ignored these factors:

  1. The school was built on the border between B and C area. This means, according to the Civil Administration’s officer, that the school is located 100 meters inside area C.
  2. The school provides an essential service to Palestinian Susya’s Children.
  3. The demolition of the cistern and the toilets are a death sentence for the school.

There is not explanation why the State of Israel wants to completely demolish the school. The stop building order will lead to demolition orders and to the demolition itself.

The demolitions that were executed by the IDF, the Civil Administration, as representatives of the State of Israel, in South Hebron Hills, show the duration of the bureaucratic procedure that leads to demolition varies from one case to the other: In the case of Muhamed Musa Muganem from Susya, it ended in a few weeks. Without legal protection, two months passed from the time the stop working orders were issued until November 23rd when a bulldozer, accompanied by military and police forces, demolished the two temporary buildings that were Muhamed Muganem’s family home during the last months.

Demolition of structures at Hirbet M’Faquara

Many structures were demolished at Hirbet M’Faquara (the caves village at Um Faquara) under the patronage of the destructive bureaucracy of the State of Israel. The same bureaucratic process that leads eventually to demolition has lasted longer: In the spring of 2000 the people who were evicted during the winter of 1999 returned to their village. According to the interim ruling of the Supreme Court that enabled their return, they were prevented from building until the final ruling. The years passed, and there was no final ruling. The freeze that prevents them from any possibility of development in Hirbet M’Faquara (including preventing their connection to electricity) became a permanent fact. Four years ago, the residents of Hirbet M’Faquara started to break the freeze order and dared to build a small mosque for the local residents. At the same time, the village’s Mukhtar, Mahmud Hamada, added two rooms above his cave for his growing family.

In later years a few more buildings were added to Hirbet M’Faquara. The Civil Administration issued stop work orders to all the new buildings. The lawyers representing the owners of these buildings succeeded in delaying, for a few years, the race of the occupation’s bureaucracy, until last Thursday (November 24th 2011): two bulldozers came to Hirbet M’Faquara, accompanied by Civil Administration officials, soldiers and policemen, and demolished the village’s mosque and the rooms of the village’s Mukhtar (the cave, located beneath the rooms, was severely damaged, and only one of two rabbits that was in the corral survived, the other died).

A strange detention of two young female students

During the demolitions in Hirbet M’Faquara, the security forces detained two young girls, residents of the place – the daughter of the Mukhtar, Sausan Hamada, 21 year old student, and her relative, 17 years old – Amal Hamada. The two girls were taken to a detention facility in Tel Mond, Israel.  From little information that we have at this stage, it seems that the Israeli police is going to serve these two young women (whose professional and academic studies we support) with severe indictments that can lead to their imprisonment for a long time.

Remember: the State does not grant South Hebron Hill residents building permits, supports the illegal outposts in the area and seeks to prevent the continuation of living in the area. It is impossible to destroy what little these people have, without providing a more expansive solution to South Hebron Hills.

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An additional testimony: destructive forces arrive at Hirbet M’Faquara

On Thursday morning, November 24th 2011, IDF and Civil Administration forces accompanied by bulldozers arrived at South Hebron Hills area. At first they turned to Hirbet M’Faquara, near Tuwane near the illegal outpost “Abgail.” There they demolished 3 structures including a mosque. They also demolished a tent and a cave. In addition to the destruction the occupation forces also detained two young Palestinian girls.


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